At the end of the year 2016, the Keitelman Gallery has had the honour of opening the second solo exhibition of the artist mounir fatmi, whose international renown steadily continues to grow. The exhibition presents a body of work (sculptures, photographs, and drawings) that address several themes dear to the artist: Confrontation between cultures, unfortunately often taking place in the form of violence, the subject of language and knowledge, and even the relationship between said knowledge and so-called ignorance. The questions that are posed around these themes manifest into forms that embody all the ambiguities of the time. Some of the implicit queries whispered throughout the works are these: How does the meeting between the one who “can do” and one who “knows how to speak of what is done” play out? Or, what is the relationship between the people who make up society on a daily basis and those who govern it? In other words: what is the relationship between a craftsman (the who does) and a machine (an engineered product that synthesizes, and thus simplifies thought and expertise)? In this exhibition and in the work of fatmi in general, it is as if a comparison has already been made, but is never fully at rest between the duo consisting of the “savage” and the “scholar”.
The three-part work Roots reveals a drawing made of antenna cables. The pattern seen is reminiscent of Arab-Islamic Art that has developed throughout history in the field of abstraction as religion forbade the representation of the human figure. Nevertheless, this work is a tribute to the architect, the handyman, and to all the anonymous individuals that create the status quo. Like all of fatmi’s sculptural work, Roots is an aesthetic trap. The eye becomes desperately lost as it searches for a beginning, an end, a center, an exit… During this moment in history when the notions of identity and boundaries come more into focus and are reflected by extremes, the Roots sculpture functions as a projection screen. Visitors may project their fears and hopes, and may question their place in this world.
At first glance the work is very aesthetic and complex. However, it attempts to answer a philosophical question posed by the artist: how deep do these roots actually travel?
The Journey of Claude Lévi-Strauss, embroidery of the cover art from Claude Lévi-Strauss’ The Savage Mind, a classic book of anthropology. Embroidery handmade by an artisan, the subject of study is the savant… Who knows what to do? Who knows what to believe? One of the principal lessons learned from the French anthropologist is that the savage is not quite who you think. Thus came about the study of the supposedly primitive Indians. He found that they had a much greater knowledge of their environment than he could have possessed: names of plants, birds, flowers, trees… A plethora of things that he did not know. “It is the encounter with the other that reveals our primitive nature”, says mounir fatmi, which suggests how the perception of migration is changing in terms of the individuals involved; individuals who possess experience and knowledge that we do not.
Unfortunately, as we know, the people and governments of Europe have not adopted this stance during this time when it is more a question of rejection than anything else. These two pieces evoke this rejection as well as the paradox of creating danger by wanting to protect oneself. The work entitled Defence emulates the metal structures we build around the periphery in order to protect ourselves from the intrusion of thieves, while offering an image of a black sun; a symbolic expression of a star that cools the heart instead of bringing it warmth. Dead Language installation expresses all the violence felt when one must abandon everything at border crossings, starting with one’s language; the very first conveyence of a person’s identity.
The piece entitled Archaeology, meanwhile, also showcases one of the grim realities of our time. A broom, bones, a black flag … It can be an evocation of the new iconoclasts that destroy ancient archeological sites. It is as though they kill the dead again. We once again see those who must do the “dirty work”, like the soldier on the battlefield, the customs officer in the Mediterranean Sea, or the doctor in charge of collecting drowned corpses… all of those individuals who, for better or worse, have the task of facing the aftermath of decisions made in high places… Order and its execution; the reality of the law of the land. Here is where we find the duality, intimitely entwined, that fascinates mounir fatmi.
Finally, this exhibition also contains some of the artist’s rare drawings. Intimate and fragile, this series of drawings with their primitive aesthetic brings us back to the beginning of the artist’s work. We can see these drawings as a return to “the root” of the practice of an artist who strives never to lose sight of the essential humility of creation which is, probably more than any other philosophy, political thought, or religion, the true guarantor of society and evolution.
Born in 1970, Tangier, Morocco, mounir fatmi lives and works between Paris and Tangier. He constructs visual spaces and linguistic games. His work deals with the desecration of religious objects, deconstruction and the end of dogmas and ideologies. He is particularly interested in the idea of death of the subject of consumption. This can be applied to antenna cables, copier machines, VHS tapes, and a dead language or a political movement. His videos, installations, drawings, paintings and sculptures bring to light our doubts, fears and desires. They directly address the current events of our world, and speak to those whose lives are affected by specific events and reveals its structure. mounir fatmi’s work offers a look at the world from a different glance, refusing to be blinded by the conventions.
mounir fatmi’s work has been shown in numerous solo exhibitions: in Mamco, Geneva, in the Migros Museum für Gegenwarskunst, Zürich, Switzerland, at the Picasso Museum, war and peace, Vallauris, at the FRAC Alsace, Sélestat, at the Contemporary Art Center Le Parvis, at the Fondazione Collegio San Caro, Modena, at the AK Bank Foundation in Istanbul, at the Museum Kunst Palast in Duesseldorf and at the MMP+, in Marrakesh. He participated in several collective shows at the Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris,The Brooklyn Museum, New York, N.B.K., Berlin, MAXXI, Rome, Mori Art Museum in Tokyo, Museum on the Seam, Jerusalem, Moscow Museum of Modern Art, Moscow, Mathaf Arab Museum of Modern Art, Doha, the Hayward Gallery, London, the Art Gallery of Western Australia, the Victoria & Albert Museum in London and the Van Abbemuseum in Eindhoven.
His installations have been selected in biennials such as the 52nd and 54th Venice Biennial, the 8th biennial of Sharjah, the 5th and 7th Dakar Biennial, the 2nd Seville Biennial, the 5th Gwangju Biennial and the 10th Lyon Biennial, the 5th Auckland Triennial, Fotofest 2014, Houston and the 10th Bamako Encounters. mounir fatmi was awarded by several prize such as the Cairo Biennial Prize in 2010, the Uriöt prize, Amsterdam, the Grand Prize Leopold Sedar Senghor of the 7th Dakar Biennial in 2006 as well and he was shortlisted for the Jameel Prize of the Victoria & Albert Museum, London in 2013.
– via Keitelman Gallery